• Earl Miles

God's Benevolent Love

The Need for Clear Thinking on the Love of God

It can be difficult sometimes to understand God's relationship to unbelievers, especially those who will never trust in Jesus as an able and willing Savior for them. This text in Matthew reveals God's loving attitude and actions toward all men (see also Luke 6:27-36):

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect. - Matthew 5:43-48

What does Matthew 5:43-48 teach us?

1. It seems right to love some but not all. (43)

2. But we are to desire and pursue the good of all. (44)

3. Because this is what God does. (45)

4. Because evil people love only some. (46-47)

5. Because God loves completely and so should we. (48)

Bottom Line: God loves Mankind: All those created in His image enjoy the Creator’s love in one way or another. And therefore, we should love all mankind as well!

John MacArthur

"As a follow up to this post, today we are asking the question: Does God love only the elect and hate the non-elect? The fact that some sinners are not elected to salvation is no proof that God’s attitude toward them is utterly devoid of sincere love. We know from Scripture that God is compassionate, kind, generous, and good even to the most stubborn sinners. Who can deny that these mercies flow out of God’s boundless love? Yet it is evident that they are showered even on unrepentant sinners. It must be acknowledged, however, that explaining God’s love toward the reprobate is not as simple as most modern evangelicals want to make it. Clearly there is a sense in which the psalmist’s expression, “I hate the assembly of evildoers” (Ps. 26:5) is a reflection of the mind of God. “Do I not hate those who hate Thee, O Lord? And do I not loathe those who rise up against Thee? I hate them with the utmost hatred; they have become my enemies” (Ps. 139:21-22). Such hatred as the psalmist expressed is a virtue, and we have every reason to conclude that it is a hatred God Himself shares. After all, He did say, “I have hated Esau” (Mal. 1:3; Rom. 9:13). The context reveals God was speaking of a whole race of wicked people. So there is a true and real sense in which Scripture teaches that God hates the wicked. So an important distinction must be made. God loves believers with a particular love. It is a family love, the ultimate love of an eternal Father for His children. It is the consummate love of a Bridegroom for His bride. It is an eternal love that guarantees their salvation from sin and its ghastly penalty. That special love is reserved for believers alone. However, limiting this saving, everlasting love to His chosen ones does not render God’s compassion, mercy, goodness, and love for the rest of mankind insincere or meaningless. When God invites sinners to repent and receive forgiveness (Isa. 1:18; Matt. 11:28-30), His pleading is from a sincere heart of genuine love. “‘As I live!’ declares the Lord God, ‘I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn back, turn back from your evil ways! Why then will you die, O house of Israel?’” (Ezek. 33:11). Clearly God does love even those who spurn His tender mercy, but it is a different quality of love, and different in degree from His love for His own. (John MacArthur in The God Who Loves, pp. 14, 16).'

The Need for Distinctions in God’s Love

  • God’s Love for His Son

  • God’s Love for His Creation

  • God’s Love for Mankind

  • God’s Love for His People

Luke 6:27-36

Three primary arguments against telling people God loves them:

  • Most of the time it is put this way: God loves everyone unconditionally. The addition of the adverb, unconditionally, says more than what ought to be said to unbelievers.

  • It is not true to say that God loves everyone. God only loves the elect and only hates the non-elect. He can’t love and hate someone at the same time.

  • It may be true in some sense. But to tell people that God loves them is misleading and many will walk away with the wrong idea.

Just because someone might misunderstand some truth does not mean we should not proclaim it. (2 Peter 3:16; Romans 3:8; 6:1-2; Luke 18:9-14)

RC Sproul

"Later, when we examine the distinctive types of the love of God, we will try to show that certain types of God's love can coexist with a type or kind of divine hatred. In the meantime, however, we can say that God may love a person in one sense or in one way, while at the same time hating him in another sense or another way. In essence, not all kinds of divine love are absolutely antithetical to all kinds of divine hatred." (R. C. Sproul, Loved by God, 106)

How does God love all mankind? Two ways:

  • Common grace. (Matthew 5)

  • Cross. (John 3)

John Owen

“That God is good to all men, and bountiful, being a wise, powerful, liberal provider for the works of his hands, and in innumerable dispensations and various communications of his goodness to them, and may in that regard be said to have a universal love for them all is granted…” … “Love to all mankind in general we acknowledge to be required of us, and we are debtors in the fruits of it to the whole creation of God: for he hath not only implanted the principles of it in nature whereof we are in common partakers with the whole race and kind, whereunto all hatred and its effects were originally foreign, and introduced by the devil, nor only given us his command for it, enlarging on its grounds and reasons in the gospel; but in his design of recovering us out of our lapsed condition unto a conformity with himself, proposeth in a special manner the example of his own love and goodness, which are extended unto all, for our imitation, Matthew 5:44-45.” (John Owen, Works, Volume 15, Banner of Truth, Carlisle, PA: 1966. Page 70, and Works, Volume 12, Banner of Truth, Carlisle, PA: 1966. Page 552.)

If you would like to hear more about this, go here and listen to The Love of God in 3-D - Part 4.

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